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gatsby-transformer-yaml

Parses YAML files. Supports arrays of objects and single objects.

Supported extensions: .yaml, .yml

Both .yaml and .yml are treated in the same way. This document uses both of them interchangably.

Install

npm install --save gatsby-transformer-yaml

Note: You also need to have gatsby-source-filesystem installed and configured so it points to your files.

How to use

In your gatsby-config.js

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    `gatsby-transformer-yaml`,
    {
      resolve: `gatsby-source-filesystem`,
      options: {
        path: `./src/data/`,
      },
    },
  ],
};

Where the source folder ./src/data/ contains the .yaml files.

Parsing algorithm

You can choose to structure your data as arrays of objects in individual files or as single objects spread across multiple files.

The source folder can contain either the following:

  • Array of Objects: Where each file represents a collection. (you probably want this one)
  • Single Object: Where each subfolder represents a collection; each files represents one “record”.

Array of Objects

The algorithm for YAML arrays is to convert each item in the array into a node. The type of the node is based on the filename.

So if your project has a letters.yaml which looks like:

- character: a
- character: b
- character: c

Then the following three nodes would be created.

[
  {
    character: "a",
  },
  {
    character: "b",
  },
  {
    character: "c",
  },
];

Single Object

The algorithm for single YAML objects is to convert the object defined at the root of the file into a node. The type of the node is based on the name of the parent directory.

For example, lets say your project has a data layout like:

data/
    letters/
        a.yml
        b.yml
        c.yml

Where each of a.yml, b.yml and c.yml look like:

character: a
character: b
character: c

Then the following three nodes would be created.

[
  {
    character: "a",
  },
  {
    character: "b",
  },
  {
    character: "c",
  },
];

How to query

You can query the nodes using GraphQL, like from the GraphiQL browser: localhost:8000/___graphql.

Regardless of whether you choose to structure your data in arrays of objects or single objects, you’d be able to query your letters like:

{
  allLettersYaml {
    edges {
      node {
        value
      }
    }
  }
}

Which would return:

{
  allLettersYaml: {
    edges: [
      {
        node: {
          character: "a",
        },
      },
      {
        node: {
          character: "b",
        },
      },
      {
        node: {
          character: "c",
        },
      },
    ];
  }
}

Please do note that allLettersYaml will not show up if you do not have any .yaml files.


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