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gatsby-plugin-netlify

Automatically generates a _headers file and a _redirects file at the root of the public folder to configure HTTP headers and redirects on Netlify.

Notably, you can immediately enable HTTP/2 server push of critical Gatsby assets through the Link headers.

By default, the plugin will add HTTP/2 assets to server push the critical Gatsby scripts (ones that have the preload attribute already). It will also add some basic security headers. You can easily add or replace headers through the plugin config.

Install

npm install --save gatsby-plugin-netlify

How to use

// In your gatsby-config.js
plugins: [
  `gatsby-plugin-netlify`, // make sure to put last in the array
]

Configuration

If you just need the critical assets, you don’t need to add any additional config. However, if you want to add headers, remove default headers, or transform the given headers, you can use the following configuration options.

plugins: [
  // make sure to put last in the array
  {
    resolve: `gatsby-plugin-netlify`,
    options: {
      headers: {}, // option to add more headers. `Link` headers are transformed by the below criteria
      allPageHeaders: [], // option to add headers for all pages. `Link` headers are transformed by the below criteria
      mergeSecurityHeaders: true, // boolean to turn off the default security headers
      mergeLinkHeaders: true, // boolean to turn off the default gatsby js headers
      mergeCachingHeaders: true, // boolean to turn off the default caching headers
      transformHeaders: (headers, path) => headers, // optional transform for manipulating headers under each path (e.g.sorting), etc.
      generateMatchPathRewrites: true, // boolean to turn off automatic creation of redirect rules for client only paths
    },
  },
]

Headers

The headers object represents a JS version of the Netlify _headers file format. You should pass in a object with string keys (representing the paths) and an array of strings for each header.

An example:

{
  options: {
    headers: {
      "/*": [
        "Basic-Auth: someuser:somepassword anotheruser:anotherpassword",
      ],
      "/my-page": [
        // matching headers (by type) are replaced by netlify with more specific routes
        "Basic-Auth: differentuser:differentpassword",
      ],
    },
  }
}

Link paths are specially handed by this plugin. Since most files are processed and cache-busted through Gatsby (with a file hash), the plugin will transform any base file names to the hashed variants. If the file is not hashed, it will ensure the path is valid relative to the output public folder. You should be able to reference assets imported through javascript in the static folder.

Do not specify the public path in the config, as the plugin will provide it for you.

The Netlify _headers file does not inherit headers, and it will replace any matching headers it finds in more specific routes. For example, if you add a link to the the root wildcard path (/*), it will be replaced by any more specific path. If you want a resource to put linked across the site, you will have to add to every path. To make this easier, the plugin provides the allPageHeaders option to inject the same headers on every path.

{
  options: {
    allPageHeaders: [
      "Link: </static/my-logo.png>; rel=preload; as=image",
    ],
    headers: {
      "/*": [
        "Basic-Auth: someuser:somepassword anotheruser:anotherpassword",
      ],
    },
  }
}

You can validate the _headers config through the Netlify playground app.

Redirects

You can create redirects using the createRedirect action.

An example:

createRedirect({ fromPath: "/old-url", toPath: "/new-url", isPermanent: true })
createRedirect({ fromPath: "/url", toPath: "/zn-CH/url", Language: "zn" })

NOTE: You can pass the force option to override existing content in the path. This is particularly useful for domain alias redirects. See the Netlify documentation on this option here.

You can also create a _redirects file in the static folder for the same effect. Any programmatically created redirects will be appended to the file.

# my manually set redirects
/home              /
/blog/my-post.php  /blog/my-post

You can validate the _redirects config through the Netlify playground app.

Redirect rules are automatically added for client only paths. If those rules are conflicting with custom rules or if you want to have more control over them you can disable them in configuration by setting generateMatchPathRewrites to false.


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