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Emotion

In this guide, you will learn how to set up a site with the CSS-in-JS library Emotion.

Emotion is a performant and flexible CSS-in-JS library. Building on many other CSS-in-JS libraries, it allows you to style apps quickly with string or object styles. It has predictable composition to avoid specificity issues with CSS. With source maps and labels, Emotion has a great developer experience and great performance with heavy caching in production.

Server side rendering works out of the box in Emotion. You can use React’s renderToString or renderToNodeStream methods directly without any extra configuration. extractCritical feature removes unused rules that were created with emotion and helps loading pages faster.

First, open a new terminal window and run the following to create a new site:

gatsby new emotion-tutorial https://github.com/gatsbyjs/gatsby-starter-hello-world

Second, install the necessary dependencies for Emotion and Gatsby.

npm install --save gatsby-plugin-emotion @emotion/core @emotion/styled

And then add the plugin to your site’s gatsby-config.js:

gatsby-config.js
module.exports = {
plugins: [`gatsby-plugin-emotion`],
}

Then in your terminal run npm start to start the Gatsby development server.

Now let’s create a sample Emotion page at src/pages/index.js:

src/pages/index.js
import React from "react"
import styled from "@emotion/styled"
import { css } from "@emotion/core"
const Container = styled.div`
margin: 3rem auto;
max-width: 600px;
display: flex;
flex-direction: column;
align-items: center;
justify-content: center;
`
const UserWrapper = styled.div`
display: flex;
align-items: center;
margin-top: 0;
margin-right: auto;
margin-bottom: 12px;
margin-left: auto;
&:last-child {
margin-bottom: 0;
}
`
const Avatar = styled.img`
flex-grow: 0;
flex-shrink: 0;
flex-basis: 96px;
width: 96px;
height: 96px;
margin: 0;
`
const Description = styled.div`
flex: 1;
margin-left: 18px;
padding: 12px;
`
const Username = styled.h2`
margin: 0 0 12px 0;
padding: 0;
`
const Excerpt = styled.p`
margin: 0;
`
// Using css prop provides a concise and flexible API to style the components. //
const underline = css`
text-decoration: underline;
`
const User = props => (
<UserWrapper>
<Avatar src={props.avatar} alt="" />
<Description>
<Username>{props.username}</Username>
<Excerpt>{props.excerpt}</Excerpt>
</Description>
</UserWrapper>
)
export default () => (
<Container>
<h1 css={underline}>About Emotion</h1>
<p>Emotion is uber cool</p>
<User
username="Jane Doe"
avatar="https://s3.amazonaws.com/uifaces/faces/twitter/adellecharles/128.jpg"
excerpt="I'm Jane Doe. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit."
/>
<User
username="Bob Smith"
avatar="https://s3.amazonaws.com/uifaces/faces/twitter/vladarbatov/128.jpg"
excerpt="I'm Bob smith, a vertically aligned type of guy. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit."
/>
</Container>
)

Adding global styles in Gatsby with Emotion

To start, create a new Gatsby site with the hello world starter and install gatsby-plugin-emotion and its dependencies:

gatsby new global-styles https://github.com/gatsbyjs/gatsby-starter-hello-world
cd global-styles
npm install --save gatsby-plugin-emotion @emotion/core @emotion/styled

Create gatsby-config.js and add the Emotion plugin:

gatsby-config.js
module.exports = {
plugins: [`gatsby-plugin-emotion`],
}

Next, add a layout component at src/components/layout.js:

src/components/layout.js
import React from "react"
import { Global, css } from "@emotion/core"
import styled from "@emotion/styled"
const Wrapper = styled("div")`
border: 2px solid green;
padding: 10px;
`
export default ({ children }) => (
<Wrapper>
<Global
styles={css`
div {
background: red;
color: white;
}
`}
/>
{children}
</Wrapper>
)

Then, update src/pages/index.js to use the layout:

src/pages/index.js
import React from "react"
import Layout from "../components/layout"
export default () => <Layout>Hello world!</Layout>

Run npm run build, and you can see in public/index.html that the styles have been inlined globally.


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