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gatsby-source-drupal

Source plugin for pulling data (including images) into Gatsby from Drupal sites.

Pulls data from Drupal 8 sites with the Drupal JSONAPI module installed.

An example site built with the headless Drupal distro ContentaCMS is at https://using-drupal.gatsbyjs.org/

apiBase Option allows changing the API entry point depending on the version of jsonapi used by your Drupal instance. The default value is jsonapi, which has been used since jsonapi version 8.x-1.0-alpha4.

Install

npm install --save gatsby-source-drupal

How to use

// In your gatsby-config.js
module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    {
      resolve: `gatsby-source-drupal`,
      options: {
        baseUrl: `https://live-contentacms.pantheonsite.io/`,
        apiBase: `api`, // optional, defaults to `jsonapi`
      },
    },
  ],
}

Filters

You can use the filters option to limit the data that is retrieved from Drupal. Filters are applied per JSON API collection. You can use any valid JSON API filter query. For large data sets this can reduce the build time of your application by allowing Gatsby to skip content you’ll never use.

As an example, if your JSON API endpoint (https://live-contentacms.pantheonsite.io/api) returns the following collections list, then articles and recipes are both collections that can have a filters applied:

{
  ...
  links: {
    articles: "https://live-contentacms.pantheonsite.io/api/articles",
    recipes: "https://live-contentacms.pantheonsite.io/api/recipes",
    ...
  }
}

To retrieve only recipes with a specific tag you could do something like the following where the key (recipe) is the collection from above, and the value is the filter you want to apply.

// In your gatsby-config.js
module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    {
      resolve: `gatsby-source-drupal`,
      options: {
        baseUrl: `https://live-contentacms.pantheonsite.io/`,
        apiBase: `api`,
        filters: {
          // collection : filter
          recipe: "filter[tags.name][value]=British",
        },
      },
    },
  ],
}

Which would result in Gatsby using the filtered collection https://live-contentacms.pantheonsite.io/api/recipes?filter[tags.name][value]=British to retrieve data.

Basic Auth

You can use basicAuth option if your site is protected by basicauth. First, you need a way to pass environment variables to the build process, so secrets and other secured data aren’t committed to source control. We recommend using dotenv which will then expose environment variables. Read more about dotenv and using environment variables here. Then we can use these environment variables and configure our plugin.

// In your gatsby-config.js
module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    {
      resolve: `gatsby-source-drupal`,
      options: {
        baseUrl: `https://live-contentacms.pantheonsite.io/`,
        apiBase: `api`, // optional, defaults to `jsonapi`
        basicAuth: {
          username: process.env.BASIC_AUTH_USERNAME,
          password: process.env.BASIC_AUTH_PASSWORD,
        },
      },
    },
  ],
}

Fastbuilds

You can use the fastBuilds option to enable fastbuilds. This requires the Gatsby Drupal module (called gatsby_fastbuilds) to be enabled. This will speed up your development and build process by only downloading content that has changed since you last ran gatsby build or gatsby develop.

This will require authentication to your Drupal site and a Drupal user with the Drupal permission to sync gatsby fastbuild log entities.

// In your gatsby-config.js
module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    {
      resolve: `gatsby-source-drupal`,
      options: {
        baseUrl: `https://live-contentacms.pantheonsite.io/`,
        apiBase: `api`, // optional, defaults to `jsonapi`
        basicAuth: {
          username: process.env.BASIC_AUTH_USERNAME,
          password: process.env.BASIC_AUTH_PASSWORD,
        },
        fastBuilds: true,
      },
    },
  ],
}

Request Headers

You can add optional request headers to the request using headers param.

// In your gatsby-config.js
module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    {
      resolve: `gatsby-source-drupal`,
      options: {
        baseUrl: `https://live-contentacms.pantheonsite.io/`,
        apiBase: `api`, // optional, defaults to `jsonapi`
        headers: {
          Host: "https://example.com", // any valid request header here
        },
      },
    },
  ],
}

GET Params

You can append optional GET request params to the request url using params option.

// In your gatsby-config.js
module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    {
      resolve: `gatsby-source-drupal`,
      options: {
        baseUrl: `https://live-contentacms.pantheonsite.io/`,
        apiBase: `api`, // optional, defaults to `jsonapi`
        params: {
          "api-key": "your-api-key-header-here", // any valid key value pair here
        },
      },
    },
  ],
}

File Downloads

You can use the skipFileDownloads option if you do not want Gatsby to download files from your Drupal website. This is useful if you are using another option for processing/serving images.

// In your gatsby-config.js
module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    {
      resolve: `gatsby-source-drupal`,
      options: {
        baseUrl: `https://live-contentacms.pantheonsite.io/`,
        apiBase: `api`, // optional, defaults to `jsonapi`
        skipFileDownloads: true,
      },
    },
  ],
}

Concurrent File Requests

You can use the concurrentFileRequests option to change how many simultaneous file requests are made to the server/service. This benefits build speed, however too many concurrent file request could cause memory exhaustion depending on the server’s memory size so change with caution.

// In your gatsby-config.js
module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    {
      resolve: `gatsby-source-drupal`,
      options: {
        baseUrl: `https://live-contentacms.pantheonsite.io/`,
        apiBase: `api`, // optional, defaults to `jsonapi`
        concurrentFileRequests: 60, // optional, defaults to `20`
      },
    },
  ],
}

You can use the disallowedLinkTypes option to skip link types found in JSON:API documents. By default it skips the self and describedby links, which do not provide data that can be sourced. You may override the setting to add additional link types to be skipped.

// In your gatsby-config.js
module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    {
      resolve: `gatsby-source-drupal`,
      options: {
        baseUrl: `https://live-contentacms.pantheonsite.io/`,
        // skip the action--action resource type.
        disallowedLinkTypes: [`self`, `describedby`, `action--action`],
      },
    },
  ],
}

NOTES:

When using includes in your JSON:API calls the included data will automatically become available to query, even if the link types are skipped using disallowedLinkTypes.

This enables you to fetch only the data you need at build time, instead of all data of a certain entity type or bundle.

// In your gatsby-config.js
module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    {
      resolve: `gatsby-source-drupal`,
      options: {
        baseUrl: `https://live-contentacms.pantheonsite.io/`,
        // Skip the node--page resource type and paragraph components.
        disallowedLinkTypes: [
          `self`,
          `describedby`,
          `node--page`,
          `paragraph--text`,
          `paragraph--image`,
        ],
        filters: {
          // Use includes so only the news content paragraph components are fetched.
          "node--news": "include=field_content",
        },
      },
    },
  ],
}

Gatsby Preview (experimental)

You will need to have the Drupal module installed, more information on that here: https://www.drupal.org/project/gatsby

In your Drupal module configuration, set the update URL to your Gatsby Preview instance URL.

NOTES:

  • This is experimental feature in active development. APIs used for this feature are not yet stable - it can break while we iterate on API design (particularly when versions of gatsby-source-drupal and Gatsby Live Preview Drupal module are incompatible).

Preview Secret

While you don’t need to pass any additional options for preview to work, you can pass a secret for added security between your Drupal instance and Gatsby preview. Ensure this secret matches the one set in your Drupal Gatsby Preview settings.

// In your gatsby-config.js
module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    {
      resolve: `gatsby-source-drupal`,
      options: {
        baseUrl: `https://live-contentacms.pantheonsite.io/`,
        secret: process.env.PREVIEW_SECRET, // optional, must match Drupal instance preview secret
      },
    },
  ],
}

How to query

You can query nodes created from Drupal like the following:

{
  allArticle {
    edges {
      node {
        title
        internalId
        created(formatString: "DD-MMM-YYYY")
      }
    }
  }
}
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